Monday, September 14, 2009

Alice De Warenne and Edmund FitzAlan

Alice De Warenne was born 15 June 1287 and died 23 May 1338. She was the daughter of William de Warenne and Joan De Vere. She inherited the title and estates of Surrey, from her older brother John De Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey, who had succeeed his grandfather. John de Warenne. This was because their father had been killed at a tournament. FitzAlan

She married Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel. He was born 1 May 1285 and died 17 November 1326. He was the son of Richard FitzAlan and Alice of Saluzzo. He inherited his earldom 9 March 1302 from his father. He was summoned to Parliament as Lord Arundel in 1306. He was a Lord Ordainer and fought in the wars with Scotland.

His brother in law John de Warenne was the only other noble besides Edmund to remain loyal to Edward II against Edward's mother Isabella and Roger Mortimer, who was her lover.

For his loyalty, the king granted him most of Roger Mortimers lands that had been forfeited. He also appointed Edmund Justice of Wales (1322) and he was Warden of the Welsh Marshes (1325) and he was Constable of Montgomery Castle.

He was captured in Shropshire by the Queen's men. On 17 November 1326, the Queen had him beheaded in Hereford. His lands and titles were forfeited to the Crown, but his son Richard was later able to recover them.

Children of Alice and Edmund:

1.Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel. He was called “Copped Hat”. Born Arundel Castle Sussex, 1306 and died 14 January 1376.
2.Edward Fitzalan (1308- 1398)
3.Alice Fitzalan (born 1310), married John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford. 2nd marriage to John De Segrave
4.Joan Fitzalan (born 1312), married Warin Gerard, Baron L'Isle
5.Aline Fitzalan (1314- 1386), married Roger le Strange, 6th Baron Strange of Knockin
6.John Fitzalan (born 1315)
7.Catherine Fitzalan (died 1376), married firstly Andrew Peverell, and secondly Henry Hussey of Cockfield
8.Elizabeth Fitzalan (1320- 1389), married William Latimer, Baron Latimer of Corby
9.Eleanor Fitzalan

Women, art, and patronage from Henry III to Edward III: 1216-1377‎ - Page 172
by Loveday Lewes Gee – 2002

The barons' war; including the battles of Lewes and Evesham‎ - Page 149
by William Henry Blaauw, Charles Henry Pearson - 1871

Edmund (1285-1326) married Alice, sister of John, earl de Warenne. A bitter enemy of Piers Gaveston. Arundel was one of the ordainers appointed in 1310; he declined to march with Edward II to Bannockburn, and after the king's humiliation he was closely associated with Thomas, earl of Lancaster, until about 1321, when he became connected with the Despensers and sided with the king. He was faithful to Edward to the last, and was executed at Hereford by the partisans of Queen Isabella on the 17th of November 1326.

His son, Richard (c. 1307-1376), who obtained his father's earldom and lands in 1331, was a soldier of renown and a faithful servant of Edward III. He was present at the battle of Sluys and at the seige of Tournai in 1340; he led one of the divisions of the English army at Crecy and took part in the siege of Calais; and he fought in the naval battle with the Spaniards off Winchelsea in August 1350. Moreover, he was often employed by Edward on diplomatic business. Soon after 1347 Arundel inherited the estates of his uncle John, earl of Warenne, and in 1361, he assumed the title of earl de Warenne or earl of Surrey. He was a regent of England in 1355, and died on the 24th of January 1376, leaving three sons, the youngest of whom, Thomas became archbishop of Canterbury.

Richard's eldest son, Richard, earl of Arundel and Surrey (c. 1346-1307) was a member of the royal council during the minority of Richard II and about 1381 was made one of the young king's governors. As admiral of the west and south he saw a good deal of service on the sea, but without earning any marked distinction except in 1387 when he gained a victory over the French and their allies off Margate. About 1385 the earl joined the baronial party led by the king's uncle, Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester, and in 1386, was a member of the commission appointed to regulate the kingdom and the royal household. Then came Richard's rash but futile attempt to arrest Arundel, which was the signal for the outbreak of hostilities. The Gloucester faction quickly gained the upper hand, and the earl was one, and perhaps the most bitter, of the lords appellant. He was again a member of the royal council, and was involved in a quarrel with John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, whom he accused in the parliament of 1394. After a personal altercation with the king at Westminster in the same year Arundel underwent a short imprisonment, and in 1397 came the final episode of his life. Suspicious of Richard he refused the royal invitation to a banquet, but his party had broken up, and he was persuaded by his brother, Thomas Arunel, archbishop of Canterbury, to surrender himself and to trust to the king's clemency. At once he was tried, was attainted and sentenced to death, and bearing himself with great intrepidity, was beheaded on the 21st of September 1397. He was twice married and had three sons and four daughters. The earl founded a hospital at Arundel, and his tomb in the church of the Augustinian Friars, Broad Street, London, was long a place of pilgrimage.

His only surviving son, Thomas (1381-1415) was a ward of John Holand, duke of Exeter, from whose keeping he escaped about 1398 and joined his uncle, Archbishop Thomas Arundel, at Utrecht, returning to England with Henry of Lancaster, afterwards King Henry IV, in 1399. After Henry's coronation he was restored to his father's titles and estates and was employed in fighting against various rebels in Wales and in the north of England. Having left the side of his uncle, the archbishop, Arundel joined the party of the Beauforts, and was one of the leaders of the English army which went to France in 1411; then after a period of retirement he became lord treasurer on the accession of Henry V. From the siege of Harfleur he returned ill to England and died on the 13th of October 1415. His wife was Beatrix (d. 1430), a natural daughter of John I, king of Portugal, but he left no children, and the lordship of Arundel passed to a kinsman, John FitzAlan, Lord Maltravers

The encyclopædia britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and ...‎ - Page 706
edited by Hugh Chisholm - 1910
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