Monday, December 15, 2014

Roger De Clare and Matilda Maud De St. Hilary

This book has the lineage as I do, pretty much.
The Manors of Suffolk: The hundreds of Babergh and Blackbourn
Walter Arthur Copinger, Harold Bernard Copinger
T.F. Unwin, 1905

"In parcelling out the lands he had acquired, the Conqueror allotted the Manor of Sudbury with 94 manors besides in Suffolk to Richard Fitz Gilbert or de Clare afterwards Earl of Gloucesester and Hertford. It formed portion of the great Honor of Clare and was held of the Crown as part of the Duchy of Lancaster. Richard FitzGilbert was joined with William de Warren in the important office of Justiciary of England in 1073. He fixed his residence shortly before the Domesday Survey at Tunbridge in Kent and in the Survey is called " Ricardu de Tonebruge." He married Rohesia daughter of Walter Giffard 1st Earl of Buckingham and is said to have fallen in a skirmish with the Welsh, when the manor passed to his son Gilbert de Tonebruge. He joined in the rebellion of Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumberland, but it is narrated that observing that his sovereing Wm. Rufus was about to fall into an ambush, he relented, warned the King, saved him, and was pardoned. He married Adeliza daughter of the Earl of Claremont, and was succeeded by his eldest son Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford. He distinguished himself in the wars of Wales, and vastly increased his family possessions in those parts. He took to wife Alice sister of Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester, and the manor passed on his being killed in Wales the 15 April 1136 to his son Gilbert De Clare 2nd Earl of Hertford . Gilbert is called "Earl of Clare in 1136. This nobleman was a hostage for his uncle the Earl of Chester. In 1145 joining the rebellion in the time of Stephen he was taken prisoner, and confined until he had consented to relinquish his many strongholds. He died in 1152 without issue, and was succeeded by his brother Roger de Clare 3rd Earl of Hertford. In the time of Hen. II this Roger was summoned by Thomas a Becket, the celebrated Archbp. of Canterbury to do homage to his Grace for the Castle of Toneburge, but at the command of the King he refused, alleging that "holding it by military service, it belonged rather to the Crown than to the Church." The Castle had been exchanged by Roger's great grandfather Richard, with the Archbp. of Canterbury, for the Castle of Brion. Roger de Clare was commander of the royal army against the Welsh in 1157, and married 1st a daur. of Payne, Sheriff co. Salop, and 2ndly Maud daughter of James de St. Hilary. On his death in 1173, the manor pased to his son Richard de Clare 4th Earl of Hertford, who married Amicia 2nd daughter and coheir of Wm. FitzRobert, Earl of Gloucester.
It would seem that Sudbury, at least the town, was settled on this marriage, which was subsequently dissolved; for in the Abbreviation of Pleas I John we see a trial as to whether "Amice" formerly wife of Earl Richard De Clare, unjustly disseised Richard son of Wm. de Sudbury of a free tenement there; and the defence of the Countess was that after the  dissolution of her marriage with the Earl of Clare to whom the town of Sudbury was given as her marriage portion, she came to Sudbury, and summoned the said Richard to her Court.' It is a question wheterh the manor had not passed earlier out of the Clare family and became vested in the Earls of Gloucester, and only came back to the Clare family on this marriage; in fact one is inclined to adopt this view, having regard to the entry in 1202, also in the Pleadings in the time of John, that the Countess held her Court at Sudbury, with reference to Richard son of Uluric, and Richard, son of John as to lands there, and to a claim in 1206 by the Countess of Clare to the advowson of St. Gregory, Sudbury, against the Prioress of Eton who asserted that the same had been granted by William formerly Earl of Gloucester father of the said Countess to the nuns of the Church of Eton.
The manor passed in 1217 to Gilbert De Clare 5th Earl of Hertford, created Earl of Gloucester. He was one of the principal barons who contended against King John and one of the 25 barons to enforce the provisions of the Great Charter. He married Isabel 3rd daughter and eventual coheir of Wm. Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and dying the 25 Oct. 1230 was succeeded by his son Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford and 2nd Earl of Gloucester, who being a minor was placed in wardship to Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent and Justiciary of England, whose daughter to the displeasure of the King, Richard de Clare clandestinely married. It is probable the marriage was dissolved, as immediately after this he was married to Maude, daughter of John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, who for the sake of the valuable alliance paid to the crown 5,000 marks and remitted a debt of 2,000 more.

Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who Came to America Before 1700: Lineages from Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Other Historical Individuals
Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, Kaleen E. Beall
Genealogical Publishing Com, 2004William D'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel and Sussex, d. 24 Dec. 1193, Crusader; m. Maud de St. Hilary, d. 1173, wid. of Roger De Clare, Earl of Hertford, dau. and h. of James de St. Hilary (Hilaire) du Harcourt, d. abt. 1154, of Field Dalling, Norfolk, by his wife, Aveline.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sir Roger de Clare
2nd Earl of Hertford
CoA Gilbert de Clare.svg
Clare coat of Arms
Reign 1153–1173
Predecessor Gilbert de Clare
Successor Richard de Clare
Born 1116
Tonbridge, Kent, England
Died 1173
Oxfordshire, England
Roger de Clare (1116–1173) was Earl of Hertford from 1153 until his death.

Contents  [hide]
1 Life
2 Family
3 See also
4 Notes
5 References
Life[edit]
Roger was a son of Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare and Alice de Gernon.[1] He succeeded to the earldom when his brother Gilbert died without issue.[2]

In 1153, he appears with his cousin, Richard Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, as one of the signatories to the Treaty of Wallingford, in which Stephen recognises Prince Henry as his successor. He is found signing charters at Canterbury and Dover in 1156. Next year, according to Powell, he received from Henry II a grant of whatever lands he could conquer in South Wales. This is probably only an expansion of the statement of the Welsh chronicles that in this year (about 1 June) he entered Cardigan and 'stored' the castles of Humfrey, Aberdovey, Dineir, and Rhystud. Rhys ap Gruffydd, the prince of South Wales, appears to have complained to Henry II of these encroachments ; but being unable to obtain redress from the king of England sent his nephew Einion ab Anarawd to attack Humfirey and the other Norman fortresses. The 'Annales Cambriæ seem to assign these events to the year 1159 ; and the 'Brut' adds that Prince Rhys burnt all the French castles in Cardigan.[2]

In 1158 or 1160, Clare advanced with an army to the relief of Carmarthen Castle, then besieged by Rhys, and pitched his camp at Dinweilir. Not daring to attack the Welsh prince, the English army offered peace and retired home. In 1163, Rhys again invaded the conquests of Clare, who, we learn incidentally, has at some earlier period caused Einion, the capturer of Humfrey Castle, to be murdered by domestic treachery.[2] In 1164 he assisted with the Constitutions of Clarendon. From his munificence to the Church and his numerous acts of piety, Roger was called the "Good Earl of Hertford".[a] He was the founder of Little Marcis Nunnery prior to 1163.[3]

A second time all Cardigan was wrested from the Norman hands ; and things now wore so threatening an aspect that Henry II led an army into Wales in 1165, although, according to one Welsh account, Rhys had made his peace with the king in 1164, and had even visited him in England. The causes assigned by the Welsh chronicle for this fresh outbreak of hostility are that Henry failed to keep his promises — presumably of restitution — and secondly that Roger, earl of Clare, was honourably receiving Walter, the murderer of Rhys's nephew Einion. For the third time we now read that Cardigan was overrun and the Norman castles burnt; but it is possible that the events assigned by the 'Annales Cambræ' to the year 1165 are the same as those assigned by the 'Brut y Tywysogion' to 1163.[2]

In the intervening years, Clare had been abroad, and is found signing charters at Le Mans, probably about Christmas 1160, and again at Rouen in 1161 (Eyton, pp. 52, 53). In July 1163 he was summoned by Becket to do homage in his capacity of steward to the archbishops of Canterbury for the castle of Tunbridge. In his refusal, which he based on the grounds that he held the castle of the king and not of the archbishop, he was supported by Henry II (Ralph de Diceto, i. 311; Gervase of Canterbury, i. 174, ii. 391). Next year he was one of the ‘recognisers’ of the constitutions of Clarendon (Select Charters, p. 138). Early in 1170 he was appointed one of a band of commissioners for Kent, Surrey, and other arts of southern England (Gerv. Cant. i. 216). His last known signature seems to belong to June or July 1171, and is dated abroad from Chevaillée.[2]

He appears to have died in 1173, and certainly before July or August 1174, when we find Richard, earl of Clare, his son, coming to the king at Northampton.[2]

Family[edit]
Roger married Maud de St. Hilary, daughter of James de St. Hilary and Aveline.[4] Together they had seven children:

Mabel de Clare, d. 1204, m. (c. 1175), Nigel de Mowbray.
Richard de Clare, b. c. 1153, Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England, d. 28 November 1217, 3rd Earl of Hertford
James de Clare
Eveline (Aveline) de Clare, d. 4 June 1225, m. [1] (c. 1204), Geoffrey IV Fitz Piers (Fitz Peter), 1st Earl of Essex.[5] m. [2] Sir William Munchensy, (b. c. 1184), son of Warin de Munchensy and Agnes Fitz John.
Roger de Clare, d. 1241, Middleton, Norfolk, England.
John de Clare
Henry de Clare
See also[edit]
Portal icon Normandy portal
Einion ab Anarawd - ordered to be murdered.
Notes[edit]
Jump up ^ There is a first school, Roger de Clare School, in the village of Puckeridge, Hertfordshire, named after Roger de Clare.
References[edit]
Jump up ^ George Cokayne, The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant Extinct or Dormant, Vol. III, Ed. Vicary Gibbs (London: St Catherine Press, 1913), p. 244
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Archer 1887.
Jump up ^ William Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum Vol. 6, Part III (London: 1849), p. 1698
Jump up ^ George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant Extinct or Dormant, Vol I, Ed. Vicary Gibbs (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1910). p. 236
Jump up ^ George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant Extinct or Dormant, Vol V, Eds. H. A. Doubleday & Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1926), p. 124
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