Monday, December 15, 2014

Richard I of Normandy

BIOGRAPHY: acceded  942.  !NOTE: Submitted by Leo Van De Pas, Ancestors of William I "The  !NOTE: Royal & Noble Genealogical Data On the Normandy, Richard I the Fearless of, Duke of Normandy 3rd  Born: 933, Fecamp, France Acceded: 942 Died: 20 NOV 996, Fecamp, France  Father: Normandy, William I LONGSWORD of, Duke of Normany 2nd Mother: Senlis, Sprota (Adela) of Married 960 to Paris, Emma of Married to Crêpon, Gunnor of   Child 1: Normandy, Richard II the Good of, Duke of Normany 4th Child 2: , Mauger of Corbeil, Earl of Corbeil Child 3: , Robert of Evereaux, Count, Bishop of Rouen Child 4: , Matilda Child 5: , Emma of Normandy, b. CIR 986 Child 6: , Hedwig (Hawise) Child 7: , Beatrix of Normandy Child 8: , Godfrey of Brionne & Eu Child 9: Hiesmes, William of, Count of Eu From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. You have new messages (diff). Jump to: navigation, search Richard I of Normandy (c.935 - November 20, 996) was the Duke of Normandy from 942 to 996. He was called Richard the Fearless (French, Sans Peur).  Contents [hide] 1 Birth  2 Life  3 Marriages  4 Mistresses  5 Death  6 Sources     [edit] Birth He was born to William I of Normandy, Duke of Normandy, and Sprota. His date of birth is unknown, but he was still a boy when his father died in 942. His mother was a Breton concubine captured in war and bound to William by a Danish marriage. After William died, Sprota became the wife of Esperleng, a wealthy miller.  [edit] Life Richard was still a boy when his father died, and so he was powerless to stop Louis IV of France when he seized Normandy. Richard escaped from his prison at Laon, allied himself with Norman and Viking leaders, drove Louis out of Rouen, and took back Normandy by 947.  [edit] Marriages He was first married to Emma of Paris (Duchess of Normandy) in 960. She died after 966, with no issue.  According to Robert of Torigny, not long after Emma's death, Duke Richard went out hunting and stopped at the house of a local forester. He became enamoured of the forester's wife, Seinfreda, but she being a virtuous woman, suggested he court her unmarried sister, Gunnor, instead. Gunnor became his bride, and her family rose to prominence. Her brother, Herefast de Crepon, was involved in a controversial trial involving the Cathars. She was, like Richard, of Norse descent, being a Dane by blood. Richard finally married her to legitimate their children:  Richard II, Duke of Normandy (The Good),  Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.  Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.  Robert Danus, died between 985/989.  Emma of Normandy, died 1052.  Hawise of Normandy, wife of Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany.  Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres.  [edit] Mistresses Richard was known to have had several mistresses and produced childen with many of them. Known children are:  Geoffrey, Count of Brionne, (b. ca. 970)  Hawise (b. ca. 978), d. 21 Feb 1034. m. Geoffrey of Brittany, Duke of Brittany, (ca. 997), son of Conan I of Brittany, Duke of Brittany, "le Tort", and Ermengarde of Anjou.  William d'Eu, Count d'Eu, (b. ca. 985).     [edit] Death He died in Fecamp, France on November 20, 996 of natural causes.  [edit] Sources McKitterick, Rosamund. The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians 751-987, 1993.  Searle, Eleanor. Predatory Kinship and the Creation of Norman Power, 840-1066, 1998.  http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMANDY.htm#GuillaumeIdied942 RICHARD I 942-996  RICHARD, son of GUILLAUME Comte [ de Normandie] & his first wife Sprota --- (Fécamp [932]-Fécamp 20 Nov 996, bur Fécamp[71]).  Guillaume de Jumièges names Richard as son of Guillaume and Sprota, recording that news of his birth was brought to his father when he was returning from his victory against the rebels led by "Riulf"[72].  Flodoard records "filio ipsius Willelmi, nato de concubina Brittana" being granted the land of the Normans by King Louis after his father's death[73].  Richard is described as "a boy" on the death of his father by Dudo of Saint-Quentin[74], and as "ten years old" at the time by Orderic Vitalis[75]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Richard succeeded his father under the guardianship of "Bernard le Danois"[76].  After the death of Richard's father, Louis IV "d'Outremer" King of France briefly controlled Rouen, and kept Richard prisoner, before the latter was able to escape[77], whereupon he succeeded as RICHARD I "Sans Peur" Comte [de Normandie].  He used the title Comte de Rouen/comes Rothomagensium, and from 966 Marquis des Normands/marchio Normannorum[78].  Soon after succeeding, he suppressed the rebellion of Rodulf "Torta", who was banished and fled to Paris[79].  These events are not dated, but are recounted with the betrothal of Richard to the daughter of Hugues Duc des Francs, which took place in 945.  His forces defeated the army of Otto I King of Germany after it attempted to capture Rouen in revenge for the escape of comte Richard from captivity[80].  Comte Richard defeated French forces after King Lothaire of France captured Evreux.  Hugues "le Grand" Duc des Francs nominated comte Richard as guardian of his son, the future Hugues "Capet" King of France, in 956, the arrangement being confirmed by Richard's betrothal to Hugues's sister[81].  He invited William of Volpiano, Italian abbot of Saint-Bénigne at Dijon, to reform the Norman abbeys, installing monks at Mont-Saint-Michel and Fécamp[82].  He agreed a non-aggression pact with Æthelred II King of England 1 Mar 991, designed no doubt to prevent either side from sheltering Viking marauders[83].  "Ricardus filius Willelmi, dux Normannie" founded Louviers "in Ebroicensi pago" by undated charter[84].  Guillaume de Jumièges records the death of Duke Richard at Fécamp in 996[85].  m firstly (betrothed 956, Rouen 960) EMMA, daughter of HUGUES "le Grand" Duc des Francs, Comte de Paris & his third wife Hedwig of Germany ([943]-after 19 Mar 968).  The Liber Modernorum Regum Francorum records the marriage in 956 of "Richardus filius Guillelmi principis Normannorum" with "filiam Hugonis ducis", although she is not named[86].  Guillaume de Jumièges records the betrothal of Emma daughter of Hugues to Richard, arranged at the same time her father appointed her future husband as guardian of her brother Hugues, the future Hugues "Capet" King of France, and in a later passage records their marriage at Rouen after the death of her father[87].  No direct proof has yet been identified that Emma was the daughter of her father's third marriage.  However, this is likely given that betrothals at the time normally took place when the female partner was in early adolescence.  Guillaume de Jumièges records the death of Emma without children[88].  m secondly ([before 989]) GUNNORA, daughter of --- ([950]-5 Jan 1031).  Guillaume de Jumièges records the marriage of Duke Richard and "Gunnor, issue d'une très-noble famille danoise" soon after the death of his first wife[89].  According to Robert de Torigny, the marriage took place to legitimise Richard and Gunnora's son Robert to permit his appointment as Bishop of Rouen[90].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gunnor" as the wife of "dux Normannie primus Richardus"[91].  It appears from Dudo de Saint-Quentin that Gunnora was Richard I's mistress before she married him.  "Duke Richard [II]" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel by charter dated to [1024/26], subscribed by "…Gonnor matris comitis…"[92].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1030 of "Gunnor comitissa uxor primi Ricardi"[93].  The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "Non Jan" of "Gonnoridis…comitissa Normannie"[94].
 BIOGRAPHY: acceded  942.

 !NOTE: Submitted by Leo Van De Pas, Ancestors of William I "The

 !NOTE: Royal & Noble Genealogical Data On the
 Normandy, Richard I the Fearless of, Duke of Normandy 3rd

 Born: 933, Fecamp, France
 Acceded: 942
 Died: 20 NOV 996, Fecamp, France

 Father: Normandy, William I LONGSWORD of, Duke of Normany 2nd
 Mother: Senlis, Sprota (Adela) of
 Married 960 to Paris, Emma of
 Married to Crêpon, Gunnor of


 Child 1: Normandy, Richard II the Good of, Duke of Normany 4th
 Child 2: , Mauger of Corbeil, Earl of Corbeil
 Child 3: , Robert of Evereaux, Count, Bishop of Rouen
 Child 4: , Matilda
 Child 5: , Emma of Normandy, b. CIR 986
 Child 6: , Hedwig (Hawise)
 Child 7: , Beatrix of Normandy
 Child 8: , Godfrey of Brionne & Eu
 Child 9: Hiesmes, William of, Count of Eu
 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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 Richard I of Normandy (c.935 - November 20, 996) was the Duke of Normandy from 942 to 996. He was called Richard the Fearless (French, Sans Peur).

 Contents [hide]
 1 Birth
 2 Life
 3 Marriages
 4 Mistresses
 5 Death
 6 Sources



 [edit]
 Birth
 He was born to William I of Normandy, Duke of Normandy, and Sprota. His date of birth is unknown, but he was still a boy when his father died in 942. His mother was a Breton concubine captured in war and bound to William by a Danish marriage. After William died, Sprota became the wife of Esperleng, a wealthy miller.

 [edit]
 Life
 Richard was still a boy when his father died, and so he was powerless to stop Louis IV of France when he seized Normandy. Richard escaped from his prison at Laon, allied himself with Norman and Viking leaders, drove Louis out of Rouen, and took back Normandy by 947.

 [edit]
 Marriages
 He was first married to Emma of Paris (Duchess of Normandy) in 960. She died after 966, with no issue.

 According to Robert of Torigny, not long after Emma's death, Duke Richard went out hunting and stopped at the house of a local forester. He became enamoured of the forester's wife, Seinfreda, but she being a virtuous woman, suggested he court her unmarried sister, Gunnor, instead. Gunnor became his bride, and her family rose to prominence. Her brother, Herefast de Crepon, was involved in a controversial trial involving the Cathars. She was, like Richard, of Norse descent, being a Dane by blood. Richard finally married her to legitimate their children:

 Richard II, Duke of Normandy (The Good),
 Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.
 Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.
 Robert Danus, died between 985/989.
 Emma of Normandy, died 1052.
 Hawise of Normandy, wife of Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany.
 Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres.
 [edit]
 Mistresses
 Richard was known to have had several mistresses and produced childen with many of them. Known children are:

 Geoffrey, Count of Brionne, (b. ca. 970)
 Hawise (b. ca. 978), d. 21 Feb 1034. m. Geoffrey of Brittany, Duke of Brittany, (ca. 997), son of Conan I of Brittany, Duke of Brittany, "le Tort", and Ermengarde of Anjou.
 William d'Eu, Count d'Eu, (b. ca. 985).



 [edit]
 Death
 He died in Fecamp, France on November 20, 996 of natural causes.

 [edit]
 Sources
 McKitterick, Rosamund. The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians 751-987, 1993.
 Searle, Eleanor. Predatory Kinship and the Creation of Norman Power, 840-1066, 1998.

 http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMANDY.htm#GuillaumeIdied942

 RICHARD I 942-996



 RICHARD, son of GUILLAUME Comte [ de Normandie] & his first wife Sprota --- (Fécamp [932]-Fécamp 20 Nov 996, bur Fécamp[71]).  Guillaume de Jumièges names Richard as son of Guillaume and Sprota, recording that news of his birth was brought to his father when he was returning from his victory against the rebels led by "Riulf"[72].  Flodoard records "filio ipsius Willelmi, nato de concubina Brittana" being granted the land of the Normans by King Louis after his father's death[73].  Richard is described as "a boy" on the death of his father by Dudo of Saint-Quentin[74], and as "ten years old" at the time by Orderic Vitalis[75]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Richard succeeded his father under the guardianship of "Bernard le Danois"[76].  After the death of Richard's father, Louis IV "d'Outremer" King of France briefly controlled Rouen, and kept Richard prisoner, before the latter was able to escape[77], whereupon he succeeded as RICHARD I "Sans Peur" Comte [de Normandie].  He used the title Comte de Rouen/comes Rothomagensium, and from 966 Marquis des Normands/marchio Normannorum[78].  Soon after succeeding, he suppressed the rebellion of Rodulf "Torta", who was banished and fled to Paris[79].  These events are not dated, but are recounted with the betrothal of Richard to the daughter of Hugues Duc des Francs, which took place in 945.  His forces defeated the army of Otto I King of Germany after it attempted to capture Rouen in revenge for the escape of comte Richard from captivity[80].  Comte Richard defeated French forces after King Lothaire of France captured Evreux.  Hugues "le Grand" Duc des Francs nominated comte Richard as guardian of his son, the future Hugues "Capet" King of France, in 956, the arrangement being confirmed by Richard's betrothal to Hugues's sister[81].  He invited William of Volpiano, Italian abbot of Saint-Bénigne at Dijon, to reform the Norman abbeys, installing monks at Mont-Saint-Michel and Fécamp[82].  He agreed a non-aggression pact with Æthelred II King of England 1 Mar 991, designed no doubt to prevent either side from sheltering Viking marauders[83].  "Ricardus filius Willelmi, dux Normannie" founded Louviers "in Ebroicensi pago" by undated charter[84].  Guillaume de Jumièges records the death of Duke Richard at Fécamp in 996[85].

 m firstly (betrothed 956, Rouen 960) EMMA, daughter of HUGUES "le Grand" Duc des Francs, Comte de Paris & his third wife Hedwig of Germany ([943]-after 19 Mar 968).  The Liber Modernorum Regum Francorum records the marriage in 956 of "Richardus filius Guillelmi principis Normannorum" with "filiam Hugonis ducis", although she is not named[86].  Guillaume de Jumièges records the betrothal of Emma daughter of Hugues to Richard, arranged at the same time her father appointed her future husband as guardian of her brother Hugues, the future Hugues "Capet" King of France, and in a later passage records their marriage at Rouen after the death of her father[87].  No direct proof has yet been identified that Emma was the daughter of her father's third marriage.  However, this is likely given that betrothals at the time normally took place when the female partner was in early adolescence.  Guillaume de Jumièges records the death of Emma without children[88].

 m secondly ([before 989]) GUNNORA, daughter of --- ([950]-5 Jan 1031).  Guillaume de Jumièges records the marriage of Duke Richard and "Gunnor, issue d'une très-noble famille danoise" soon after the death of his first wife[89].  According to Robert de Torigny, the marriage took place to legitimise Richard and Gunnora's son Robert to permit his appointment as Bishop of Rouen[90].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gunnor" as the wife of "dux Normannie primus Richardus"[91].  It appears from Dudo de Saint-Quentin that Gunnora was Richard I's mistress before she married him.  "Duke Richard [II]" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel by charter dated to [1024/26], subscribed by "…Gonnor matris comitis…"[92].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1030 of "Gunnor comitissa uxor primi Ricardi"[93].  The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "Non Jan" of "Gonnoridis…comitissa Normannie"[94].
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